In general, molecular vibrational motion takes place on a shorter time scale than rotation, going through many cycles of vibration during a rotation period so that the bond lengths obtained from molecular rotation spectra are effective average bond lengths. The parameters of t he isolated water molecule above are altered significantly in liquid water and even more in hexagonal ice crystals. Water molecules have large dipole moments and the resulting hydrogen bonding in the liquid state alters the bond angle to something like 105.5 to 106° with a bond length around 0.097 nm. In hexagonal ice crystals, the bond angle approaches the tetrahedral angle, 109.47 °. In addition to all the molecular motions, in liquid water there is a continuous exchange of hydrogens between water molecules - about one exchange per millisecond at a neutral pH of 7.0 and more rapidly when the pH departs from neutrality.
Water provides the standard for density at 1 gram/cm3.
While water may seem to be an ordinary liquid, its properties are in many ways unusual. The changes in the properties of water near its freezing point are illustrated below with sketches adapted from Debenedetti and Stanley. The vertical scales are exaggerated for emphasis - the actual magnitudes of the changes are quite small. It is the contrast with the properties of other liquids which makes them remarkable.
Franks, F., Water: A Matrix of Life, 2nd Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry,Cambridge, UK (2000).
Ball, P., Life's Matrix: A Biography of Water, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, New York (2000).