Controversy of the Ages

Why Christians Should Not Divide over the Age of the Earth

Theodore J. Cabal and Peter J. Rasor II

Preface

p13 Interesting recap of Cabal's journey from OEC to YEC and back to "non-dogmatic OEC".

p14 Diagnosed with multiple myeloma, partnership with Rasor, enough remission to continue to write.

p

1. Science and Theology at War

p15 Quotes Thomas Huxley to introduce "war"

p15-16 An articulate blast at Carl Sagan and Neil DeGrasse Tyson

p17 Eloquent and articulate and arrogant statement of Thomas Huxley - quote

p17-19 The best brief critique of the Draper and White distortion of history that I have seen. To make their campaign for the war of science and religion they did pretty dishonest and sickening propaganda books to further their hostility for religion.

p18 Discussion of Jerry Coyne's modern mimic of Draper and White.

2.The Copernican Conflict

p27 A good survey of the Galileo story.

p

p

p

p

3. Darwinism: A New Kind of Controversy Altogether

p51 Definitely the best brief survey I have seen of Darwin's work and agenda. Fair treatment of what Darwin discovered and his scientific thought, but also points to Darwin's anti-faith agenda and hostility to Christianity. And Thomas Huxley surely saw Darwin's work as a weapon with which to further his aggressive materialist agenda.

p

p

p

p

4. American Evangelical Responses to Darwinism: Setting the Stage

p73 "Evolutionary creation is an evangelical Christian approach to evolution .. Evolutionary creation contends that humans evolved from prehuman ancestors, and that the image of God and human sin were gradually and mysteriously manifested. Most importantly, evolutionary creationists enjoy a personal relationship with Jesus." Denis Lamoureux, "The Evolution of an Evolutionary Creationist."

p73 "Without question, evangelicals in the United States have had far more battles over evolution both with the culture and with each other than anywhere else in the world."

p74-78 Excellent brief summary of the Scopes trial and the dishonest history in 'Inherit the Wind'"

p79 Describes the time around 1880 when the fully materialistic implications of Darwinism hit the evangelicals and was denounced.

p79-80 "Darwinism forced evangelical apologetics to shift from the reigning stronghold, the argument from design, to a defense of biblical inerrancy itself."

p80 Biblical epistemology: completeness, inerrancy and clarity.

p81 Evangelical Anti-Darwinism Champion: Charles Hodge. Princeton Theological Seminary defended evangelical orthodoxy and biblical infallibility in the 19th century. Hodge trained about 3000 ministers.

p81 Charles Hodge: "It shocks the common sense of unsophisticated men to be told that the whale and the hummingbird, man and the mosquito, are derived from the same source. Not that the whale was developed out of the hummingbird, or man out of the mosquito, but that both are derived by a slow process of variations continued through countless millions of years. Such is the theory with its scientific feathers plucked off." Systematic Theology, p2:14

p82 "Hodge rightly discerned that Darwin used 'the word natural as antithetical to supernatural. Natural selection is a selection made by natural laws, working without intention or design. It is, therefore, opposed not only to artificial selection, which is made by the wisdom and skill of man to accomplish a given purpose, but also to supernatural selection, which means either a selection originally intended by a power higher than nature; or which is carried out by such power.'" "What is Darwinism", p40-41

p83 "These tendencies led some in science not only to 'speculate, but dogmatize, on the highest questions of philosophy, morality and religion.' " "What is Darwinism" p125-139.

p83 The 20th century saw a cranked up hostility to Darwinism with conservative Christians seeing the Darwinian shift as "not simply a mistake in scientific judgment but to adherence to a world view antithetical to Christianity."

p83 "Methodological naturalism became the order of the day. 'Nonbelief (though not unbelief) became science's reigning methodological principle.' " Jon Roberts and James Turner, The Sacred and the Secular University, Princeton 2000, p31.

p84 "Though most scientists were not consciously anti-religious, their new vision resulted in bringing virtually everything under the domain of naturalistic explanation. American culture became increasingly agnostic or secular."

p84 "Traditional Christianity had 'lost its central place within higher education, and evangelical Protestants were displaced from their role as the major intellectual arbiters of American culture." Ibid Roberts & Turner, 119.

p84-85 Mentions "The Fundamentals"

p85 Mid 20th Century, formation of American Scientific Affiliation in 1941

p85-88 Discussion of ASA

p88 Henry Morris and the Institute for Creation Research: Anti-Evolutionism and More.

p89 Backlash of YEC, partly against ASA. Morris & Whitcomb's Genesis Flood made a big impact.

p89 The book: "not only was theistic evolution wrong-headed, but a unified recent creation and flood geology approach was 'the only orthodox understanding of Genesis.' " Ronald Numbers, Darwinism p55.

p89 "In substantial, though undetermined, numbers they abandoned the once-favored day-age and gap theories, which allowed for the antiquity of life on Earth, accepting instead the strict creationism of flood geology, which limited the history of life to no more than 10,000 years and affirmed creation in six twenty-four-hour days." Numbers p5

p89-90 "The importance of the extremely influential movement launched by the publication of The Genesis Flood cannot be overstated. By the 1980s, a new standard of 'virtual orthodoxy' dominated among conservative evangelicals with the term 'creationism' almost exclusively associated with young earth flood geology."

p90 Creation Research Society (CRS) in 1963 and Morris formed the Institute for Creation Research (ICR) in 1972. Produced 55 books in a little more than a decade.

p90 "ICR would dominate the YEC world in influence for decades until the death of Morris in 2006 and the meteoric rise of Answers in Genesis."

[Interesting that he does not mention Ellen G White and George McCready Price. ]

p91 "since the mid 20th century, the most significant development has clearly been the rise of YEC."

p91 Evangelicals Engaging Evolution Today: Four Different Ways

p92 Survey of AIG. Ken Ham came from Australia in 1987 to work with Morris' ICR. Founded AIG in 1994 but the name AIG dates to 1997.

p

p

p

p

5. Flood, Fossils and Strata: Geology and the Age of the Earth

6. Young Earth Creationism: Responding to Geology

7. Do Young Earth Creationists Practice Evolutionary Science?

8. Biblical Inerrancy and the Age of the Earth: Three Evangelical Approaches

9. Theological Triage: Drawing Doctrinal Boundaries

10. Patience and Peace

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p

p


Reading Reference
Index
 
Reasonable FaithR Nave
Go Back