The Eukaryotic Cell

This sketch of a eukaryotic cell is modeled after illustrations in Hickman, et al. and Audesirk& Audesirk. It is intended to show the types of organelles in cells, although no single cell is expected to have all these organelles.

Typical quoted numbers for cells in the human body are in the 10s of trillions, or in excess of 10 trillion or 1013. This on the order of a hundred times the estimated 200 billion or 2 x 1011 stars in our galaxy.

Cell Types
Index

Cell Concepts

Reference
Audesirk & Audesirk
Ch 4

Reference
Hickman, Roberts, Larson
 
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Types of Cells

Living things are made up of distinct units called cells. Multicellular animals including humans are made up of complex cells with multiple internal organelles. These cells are called eukaryotic cells. Single-celled organisms like bacteria are examples of prokaryotic cells. There are other prokaryotic cells which exhibit enough differences from bacteria to be classified as a separate Domain Archaea or the Archaebacteria.

All cells have genes, organelles, a cell membrane, and cytoplasm.

Index

Cell Concepts

Reference
Enger & Ross

Audesirk & Audesirk
Ch 1
 
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Eukaryotic Cells

Most of the life that is visible to the naked eye is made up of eukaryotic cells. These cells are characterized by a membrane-bound nucleus, and many eukaryotic cells have multiple membrane-bound organelles to carry out specific cell tasks. Eukaryotic cellular life is broken up into four kingdoms: protista, fungi, plants and animals.

Comparison of Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic CellsCell Types
Index

Cell Concepts

Reference
Audesirk & Audesirk
Ch 4

Reference
Hickman, Roberts, Larson
 
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