As an example, a 60 watt incandescent bulb produces light by heating a tungsten filament. A review by Denardo suggests that the temperature of the filament of a 60 W bulb is 2780 K. If you treat it as a blackbody radiator at that temperature and calculate the fraction of power in the visible wavelength range of 400-700nm, the result is 5.7% . That figure may be a bit low - typical figures quoted are 7%. Some factors affecting the real efficiency are the variation of the eye's sensitivity for the different wavelengths, and the possibility that some of the UV could be converted to visible in the material coating the bulb.
Practical electric circuits