Low Speed Doppler Shift

For many low velocity applications such as Doppler velocity measurement, the general form of the Doppler shift is unnecessarily complex. The general Doppler frequency expression

can be expanded by the binomial expansion and only the first two terms of the expansion used
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When expressed in terms of the frequency shift, this becomes
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 Derivation Calculation
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Doppler concepts
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Doppler Expression Expansion

To get a simplified expression for the Doppler frequency expression, the square root in the expression

can be expanded using the binomial expansion as

For low speeds where v << c, the first two terms give a good approximation of the Doppler shift:

 Relativistic Doppler effect Calculation
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Doppler concepts
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Doppler Calculation

For the relativistic Doppler effect:

v is the relative velocity.
Positive v means approaching.
v = x 108 m/s =c.

=x10^Hz
=x10^Hz
==
=x10^
=x10^m
=x10^m
=x10^m
 ==

For red shift calculations, use negative velocities. Unspecified parameters will default to values for a hydrogen red line source receding at 0.5c, but all values can be changed.

 Relativistic Doppler effect Doppler frequency change Doppler wavelength change
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Doppler concepts
HyperPhysics***** Relativity Go Back