Silicon Crystal Structure

after Kittel

The above illustration shows the arrangement of the silicon atoms in a unit cell, with the numbers indicating the height of the atom above the base of the cube as a fraction of the cell dimension.

Silicon crystallizes in the same pattern as diamond, in a structure which Ashcroft and Mermin call "two interpenetrating face-centered cubic" primitive lattices. The lines between silicon atoms in the lattice illustration indicate nearest-neighbor bonds. The cube side for silicon is 0.543 nm. Germanium has the same diamond structure with a cell dimension of .566 nm.


Semiconductor concepts


Ashcroft & Mermin
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