Jacques Monod

(9 February 1910 - 31 May 1976) Jacques Monod was a French biologist who was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965, sharing it with Fran¨ois Jacob and Andre Lwoff "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis". Monod (along with Fran¨ois Jacob) is famous for his work on the E. coli lac operon, which encodes proteins necessary for the transport and breakdown of the sugar lactose (lac).

Monod was not only a biologist but also a fine musician and esteemed writer on the philosophy of science. He was a political activist and chief of staff of operations for the Forces Fran¨aises de l'Interieur during World War II. In preparation for the Allied landings, he arranged parachute drops of weapons, railroad bombings, and mail interceptions.

Monod is referenced often for his book "Chance and Necessity". The title "Chance and Necessity" is a quote from the greek philosopher Democritus who said "Everything existing in the Universe is the fruit of chance and necessity."

"What is true for E. coli is also true for the elephant." [Quoted by Carroll in "Endless Forms Most Beautiful", p53.]
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