Norton's TheoremAny collection of batteries and resistances with two terminals is electrically equivalent to an ideal current source i in parallel with a single resistor r. The value of r is the same as that in the Thevenin equivalent and the current i can be found by dividing the open circuit voltage by r.

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Norton CurrentThe value i for the current used in Norton's Theorem is found by determining the open circuit voltage at the terminals AB and dividing it by the Norton resistance r.

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Norton Example Replacing a network by its Norton equivalent can simplify the analysis of a complex circuit. In this example, the Norton current is obtained from the open circuit voltage (the Thevenin voltage) divided by the resistance r. This resistance is the same as the Thevenin resistance, the resistance looking back from AB with V_{1} replaced by a short circuit.

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