# Carbon Resistors

There are many types of resistors, both fixed and variable. The most common type for electronics use is the carbon resistor. They are made in different physical sizes with power dissipation limits commonly from 1 watt down to 1/8 watt. The resistance value and tolerance can be determined from the standard resistor color code.

Resistor Color Code
Resistance value,
first three bands.
1st band - 1st digit
2nd band - 2nd digit
3rd band - number
of zeros.
 0 Black 1 Brown 2 Red 3 Orange 4 Yellow 5 Green 6 Blue 7 Violet 8 Gray 9 White
4th band,
tolerance
 5% Gold 10% Silver 20% No band

A variation on the color code is used for precision resistors which may have five colored bands. In that case the first three bands indicate the first three digits of the resistance value and the fourth band indicates the number of zeros. In the five band code the fifth band is gold for 1% resistors and silver for 2%.

There is another scheme for resistors which have the values stamped on them. Since a decimal point is easy to miss, this code uses R instead of a decimal point. For values over 100 W four numbers are used. The tolerance is indicated by a letter.

 1% F 2% G 5% J 10% K 20% M

Examples:

8R2K = 8.2 W +/- 10%
2202F = 22000 W +/- 1%
 Discussion of resistance
Index

Electronics concepts

Reference
Floyd, Electric Circuits Fundamentals
Ch 2

 HyperPhysics*****Electricity and magnetism R Nave
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# Resistor Color Code

Common carbon resistors are marked with a standard color code from which you can determine the resistance and tolerance. It is accompanied in the following table by the rude and politically uncorrect mnemonic sentence which has been used for generations.

Resistor Color Code
Resistance value,
first three bands.
1st band - 1st digit
2nd band - 2nd digit
3rd band - number
of zeros.
 0 Black Bad 1 Brown boys 2 Red rape 3 Orange our 4 Yellow young 5 Green girls 6 Blue but 7 Violet Violet 8 Gray gives 9 White willingly.
4th band,
tolerance
 5% Gold 10% Silver 20% No band
Index

Electronics concepts

Digital Circuits

 HyperPhysics*****Electricity and magnetism R Nave
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