Transmission Hologram With Reference Beam

Experimenter: Chris Cleven

This setup was modified from the original setup by

  1. Adjusting the pathlengths so that the reference beam and the object beam from the sapphire bead lens were equal within about 2cm.
  2. Putting a mirror in the object beam so that there was one mirror in each beam.
The length of the second beam, which bounced off the convex mirror, was not controlled.

Having achieved a brighter, cleaner beam by focusing the first lens on the spatial filter, we were able to get much better coverage of the entire film. The light detector readings were 30 mV for the reference beam and 3.3 mV for the object beam, for a ratio of 9:1. The calculated exposure was 0.382/.033 = 12s, but based on previous experience, exposures were made at 24 and 48 seconds to go one and two exposure stops over the calculated value. Both produced clear, bright holograms, the best achieved to date.

The holographic images below were for the 48 s exposure. The image on the left is the regular virtual image viewed through the film. The image on the right is the much larger image viewed from the opposite side of the film, the so-called "real image". It changed perspective drastically as you moved the film. Both were quite bright and had a much easier viewing angle than the previous setup because of the relative orientation of the reference beam. By passing the undiverged laser beam through the hologram, we were able to project two images of the die clearly on white paper.


Holography concepts
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