Francis Crick

"What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery"

New York, Basic Books, 1988

"Biologists must constantly keep in mind that what they see was not designed, but rather evolved." p138 emphasis added.

"Life Itself"

Simon and Schuster, 1981

"An honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that in some sense, the origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to have been satisfied to get it going." p88.

"Of Molecules and Man"

Washington, University of Washington Press, 1966

"The ultimate aim of the modern development of biology is, in fact, to explain all biology in terms of physics and chemistry." p 10.

"The Astonishing Hypothesis - The Scientific Search for the Soul"

London, Simon and Schuster, 1994
[Used as an example of ontological reductionism. As such, it draws a strong reponse from Polkinghorne. ]

"You, your joys and your sorrows, your memories and ambitions, your sense of personal identity and free will, are in fact no more than the behavior of a vast assembly of nerve cells and their associated molecules. " p 3.

"You are largely the behaviour of a vast population of neurones." p93 [Note that this weakens the above statement.]

Evidence from nature Is the universe designed?
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