Kinetic TheoryThe kinetic theory of gases is the study of the microscopic behavior of molecules and the interactions which lead to macroscopic relationships like the ideal gas law.The study of the molecules of a gas is a good example of a physical situation where statistical methods give precise and dependable results for macroscopic manifestations of microscopic phenomena. For example, the pressure, volume and temperature calculations from the ideal gas law are very precise. The average energy associated with the molecular motion has its foundation in the Boltzmann distribution, a statistical distribution function. Yet the temperature and energy of a gas can be measured precisely.

Index Kinetic theory concepts  

Go Back 
Newton's Laws and CollisionsApplying Newton's Laws to an ideal gas under the assumptions of kinetic theory allows the determination of the average force on container walls. This treatment assumes that the collisions with the walls are perfectly elastic. In this development, an overbar indicates an average quantity. In the expression for the average force from N molecules, it is important to note that it is the average of the square of the velocity which is used, and that this is distinctly different from the square of the average velocity.

Index Kinetic theory concepts  

Go Back 
Gas Pressure from Kinetic TheoryUnder the assumptions of kinetic theory, the average force on container walls has been determined to be
Expressed in terms of average molecular kinetic energy:

Index Kinetic theory concepts  

Go Back 