X-ray Transitions

Electron transitions to lower atomic levels in heavy atoms have quantum energies which place them in the x-ray region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The x-ray emissions associated with these transitions are called characteristic x-rays. The labels on the illustration show the historical labeling of characteristic x-ray transitions.

The frequencies of the characteristic x-rays can be predicted from the Bohr model . Moseley measured the frequencies of the characteristic x-rays from a large fraction of the elements of the periodic table and produced a plot of them which is now called a "Moseley plot".

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